Renal Failure Stages of Kidney Disease | HOW To avoid kidney failure :- FIT & HEALTHY DIET

How To avoid kidney failure

There are many causes of kidney failure, such as hypertension, diabetes, kidney infection, heart disease, long term painkillers intake, autoimmune disease, PKD, lupus, purpura, and so on. when people get kidney failure, they need to take prompt and effective to stop their progression, and it can slow down or even stop their progression, which can make a good prognosis for them.



Typically, the part of the kidney that has actually failed is called the nephron. There are a million or so of these tiny filters in each of your kidneys. If enough of them are damaged, your kidneys will no longer be able to seperate contaminants from your blood. Note that the damage must be fairly extensive as most people have double the filtering capacity that is needed to stay healthy. (Each kidney can usually handle the full workload for an adult human being.)


So nephron failure is the typical cause kidney failure. The mechanism within the body that causes the nephrons to fail varies quite a lot, however. 



The most common cause is diabetes, particularly uncontrolled diabetes.

Some researchers think high protein diets increase the risk of developing diabetes.

About 10% of those who have Bipolar disorder eventually develop kidney failure, regardless of if or how it is treated.

High blood pressure damages the kidneys.

There are various pain relievers that can damage your kidneys.

Some poisons kill by destroying the kidneys.

Believe it or not, your kidneys will fail if you become dehydrated and do not produce at least a half cup of urine each day.



 There are two types of kidney failure 

1. Acute kidney failure :-

Some Causes of  Acute Kidney failure:

Most of the time, AKI happens in people who are already sick and in the hospital. People who are in the intensive care unit (ICU) are even more likely than people who are in other units of the hospital to have AKI. This is because people who need to be in the ICU are already very sick.


Other things that can increase your risk of having AKI include:


  • Being age 65 or above

  • Having kidney disease or kidney problem

  • Having high blood pressure

  • Having a chronic disease, such as heart disease, liver disease, or diabetes

  • Having peripheral artery disease (a condition that makes it hard for your blood to get to your arms and legs)

  • Acute kidney injury (AKI) usually happens when your kidneys are damaged suddenly. The damage that leads to AKI may be caused by:

  • Not enough blood flowing through your kidneys

  • An injury directly to your kidneys or a problem with your kidneys

  • A blockage in your ureters, the tubes that take urine from your kidneys to your bladder

  • Few examples of the problems that can cause you to have too little blood flowing through your kidneys are:

  • Low blood pressure

  • Bleeding too much

  • Having severe diarrhea

  • Heart disease or heart attack

  • Infection

  • Liver failure

  • Using NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as Aspirin, Ibuprofen, and Naproxen

  • Serious burns

  • Being very dehydrated (not having enough fluid in your body)

  • Severe allergic reaction


2. Chronic Kidney Failure :-

Chronic Kidney  Failure  :

Diabetes. Worldwide, diabetes is the most common cause of CKD and the most frequent cause of end-stage renal failure in most countries. Approximately 25-40% of people with diabetes develop diabetic kidney disease (also called diabetic nephropathy) within 20-25 years of the onset of their diabetes.

Hypertension. The second most common cause of CKD. When you look at the change in our lifestyle over time—less physical activity, more processed foods, increased alcohol consumption, and the high levels of stress most people are under, it really is no wonder the incidence of cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure is on the rise.



List of problems that can cause direct damage to your kidneys are:

  • Blood clots in or around the kidneys

  • Diseases that affect the kidneys, such as Glomerulonephritis and Lupus

  • Infection

  • Certain medicines, such as some chemotherapy drugs, some antibiotics, and contrast dyes used during CT scans, MRI scans, and other imaging tests

  • Alcohol or drug abuse

  • Some blood or blood vessel disorders

Things that could cause a blockage in your urinary tract are:


  • Some cancers

  • Blood clots in or around the kidneys

  • Kidney stones

  • Bladder problems

  • Enlarged prostate (in men)

  • Treatment for Acute Kidney Injury?



The treatment for AKI depends on what caused it to happen. Most people need to stay in the hospital during treatment and until their kidneys recover. While you are being treated for the problem that caused your AKI, you may also have treatments to prevent problems that can make it harder for your kidneys to heal. Some possible treatments include:

 

  • Temporary hemodialysis to do the work that your kidneys should be doing until they can recover

  • Medicines to control the amounts of vitamins and minerals in your blood

  • Treatments to keep the right amount of fluid in your blood



ADVICE
 HOW To avoid kidney failure

Always keep your body healthy. Be sure to eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Make sure to avoid anything that will cause hypertension and hyperglycemia.

increase salt intake

less water intake

consuption of nephrotoxic 

Drugs (like Amphotericin B, Phenytoin,Amikacin)

chemotherapy

Cysts

Alcohol

Cigarette etc.




  I HOPE THIS ACTICLE GIVES YOU SOME VALUEBLE INFORMATION

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